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June 2, 2017
The history of the United States flows through Fairfax County, Virginia. Two of our Founding Fathers called the county home, George Washington and George Mason. Washington and Mason were the brains behind the Fairfax Resolves, the first document to outline the colonies’ grievances against England.
But it goes much further back than that. Capt. John Smith
explored the Potomac River area of the county as far north
as Great Falls in 1609, shortly after the founding of
Jamestown. And, it didn’t end with our first president’s
death, either. The first turnpike in America, a 15-mile
stretch of Little River Turnpike, ran through the county
to Washington, DC.
The Historic Fairfax County Courthouse opened in 1800,
the same year as the U.S. Capitol and the White House.
And, of course, one of the first land battles in the Civil War
occurred at the courthouse, which led to the first
Confederate officer to die in the war. A monument to the
officer, Capt. John Quincy Marr, stands outside the
courthouse. The monument faces north, as do the two
Civil War cannons on either side of the monument.
Those are some of the tidbits Jenée Lindner, president
of Friends of the Historic Fairfax Courthouse, shared
Wednesday at the courthouse during a lecture titled,
“Who Was the Fairfax Family? The Colonial History of
Fairfax County.” The lecture was part of a series of
ongoing events celebrating the 275th anniversary of
the county’s founding.
The county receives its name from Thomas Fairfax, 6th
Lord Fairfax of Cameron. He is the son of Thomas Fairfax,
5th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, and Catherine Culpeper,
heiress to Leeds Castle, Kent, England, and of the land
that would become Fairfax County. While Fairfax laid claim
to the land with his marriage to Catherine, Culpeper
County and the incorporated town of Culpeper, about an
hour’s drive southwest of the courthouse, pay tribute to her
family’s contributions to the founding and development of Virginia.
Culpeper met Fairfax when he rescued her after a probate hearing during which she successfully wrested control of her inheritance from her father’s mistress, Lindner said. She was just 19 and a mob of men clawed at her following the judge’s decision. Lord Fairfax picked her up and carried her safely to her carriage. The rest, as they say, is history. (Actually, that’s history too, if you’re keeping score.)
Our nation’s first president is closely
tied to the Fairfax family. The family
schooled Washington in high society
customs and traditions after
Washington’s father died when George
was 11. Washington and Bryan Fairfax,
son of the 6th Lord’s cousin William
Fairfax, would become lifelong friends.
Bryan Fairfax also would inherit the title
of 8th Lord.
Not surprisingly, Bryan Fairfax and
Washington had different views of
breaking with England. Bryan Fairfax
strongly urged Washington not to
endorse the Fairfax Resolves. He wrote a lengthy letter outlining his protests that was delivered to Washington the day of the vote, Lindner said. But Fairfax remained neutral during the war.
After the war, the two men socialized regularly. In a sign of how strong their bond was, Martha Washington asked Bryan Fairfax to be chief mourner at Washington’s funeral. Martha was too distraught to attend.
On the other hand, Washington and Mason, an instrumental pairing in the founding of the United States, rarely spoke after Mason refused to sign the Constitution over its lack of Bill of Rights, Lindner said. The eventual Bill of Rights added to the Constitution is largely based on Mason’s Virginia Declaration of Rights, which was added to the Virginia Constitution in 1776. James Madison, another Virginian, ushered them through Congress. They were ratified in 1791.
Mason’s ideas also crossed the Atlantic Ocean. His Declaration of Rights influenced the French Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen, which was issued after the French Revolution. Not to be outdone, the Fairfax influence crossed the continent when Charles Snowden Fairfax, 10th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, caught the ‘49er Gold Rush fever. He and his wife, Ada, officially settled in Marin County, California, in an area now called Fairfax, California, in 1855.
Fairfax County, Virginia, has had its economic ups and downs over the centuries. It remained primarily agricultural until its growth spurt began in 1930, coinciding with the growth of the federal government under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Today its economy is diverse and international, with 400 foreign-owned companies representing 45 countries operating within its borders, along with eight Fortune 500 companies. And the county continues to influence. Celebrity database company IMDb lists 113 celebrities who were born in the county. Olympians and an astronaut also called the county home.
Although the Fairfax nobles have resided exclusively in London, England, for three generations, Nicholas Fairfax, 14th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, will cross the pond to help celebrate the anniversary with his wife, Annabel. While here, he will lecture on what Brexit means to Great Britain and the European Union. The Fairfax history and its effect on the world continues.
Fairfax History - Page 1. Accessed June 1, 2017. http://marindirect.com/fxhistory/history.html.
“History of Fairfax County, Virginia.” Accessed June 1, 2017. http://www.fairfaxcountyeda.org/history-fairfax-county-virginia.
Tom Pfeifer is the managing partner and chief strategist for Consistent Voice Communications and author of Write It, Speak It: Writing a Speech They’ll APPLAUD! Reach him at Tom@YourConsistentVoice.com.